Clin Transplant. 2010 Nov 16. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-0012.2010.01349.x. [Epub ahead of print]
Han SH, Reddy KR, Keeffe EB, Soldevila-Pico C, Gish R, Chung RT, Degertekin B, Lok A; the NIH HBV OLT Study Group.
David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA Stanford University, Stanford, CA University of Florida Gainesville, Gainesville, FL California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco, CA Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.
Han SH, Reddy KR, Keeffe EB, Soldevila-Pico C, Gish R, Chung RT, Degertekin B, Lok ASF. Clinical outcomes of liver transplantation for HBV-related hepatocellular carcinoma: data from the NIH HBV-OLT study.
Clin Transplant 2010: Doi: 10.1111/j.1399-0012.2010.01349.x.
© 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S. ABSTRACT: Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is an indication for orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) in patients with tumor stage within the United Network for Organ Sharing criteria. The number of patients listed for HBV-related HCC is increasing, while the number of patients listed for HBV-related cirrhosis is declining presumptively because of the availability of more effective oral nucleos(t)ide analogues. This study presents the final, long-term outcome of patients transplanted for HBV-related HCC in the National Institutes of Health (NIH) HBV OLT Study Group. Results: Ninety-eight patients (52.4%) in the NIH HBV OLT cohort underwent OLT for HBV-related HCC. With a mean follow-up of 36.5 months post-OLT, 12 (12.2%) patients developed recurrence of HCC. Multivariate analysis did not find a statistically significant role of gender, tumor stage at OLT, pre-OLT HCC treatment, recurrence of HBV, or duration of HCC diagnosis pre-OLT in predicting HCC recurrence. Serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) level >200 ng/mL at transplant was found to be statistically significant in predicting HCC recurrence (p = 0.003). HCC recurrence was significantly associated with decreased post-OLT survival. Conclusion: HCC is the most common indication for OLT in patients with chronic hepatitis B in the era of more effective oral antivirals. Serum AFP at the time of OLT is significantly associated with HCC recurrence.
© 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
PMID: 21077950 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]