September 10, 2013

The Journal of Infectious Diseases Volume 208, Issue 6 Pp. 1000-1007.

Yves Benhamou1, Joseph Moussalli1, Vlad Ratziu1,2, Pascal Lebray1, Katrien De Backer3, Sandra De Meyer3, Anne Ghys3, Donghan Luo4, Gaston R. Picchio4 and Maria Beumont3

+ Author Affiliations

Correspondence: Yves Benhamou, MD, Hôpital Pitié-Salpêtrière, 47–83 Boulevard de l'Hôpital, Paris, France (ybenhamou@teaser.fr).

Abstract

Background. This partially blinded, randomized, phase 2a C210 study evaluated the antiviral activity of telaprevir-based regimens in treatment-naive patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 4 infection.

Methods. Twenty-four patients received telaprevir 750 mg every 8 hours for 15 days (T; n = 8), telaprevir in combination with pegylated interferon alfa-2a and ribavirin (Peg-IFN/RBV) for 15 days (TPR; n = 8), or Peg-IFN/RBV plus placebo for 15 days (PR; n = 8), followed by Peg-IFN/RBV for 46 or 48 weeks. The primary objective was to assess the effect of telaprevir on HCV RNA levels.

Results. HCV RNA levels decreased slightly with T and PR; TPR produced substantial, rapid declines. On day 15, median reductions in the HCV RNA load from baseline were −0.77, −4.32, and −1.58 log10 IU/mL for T, TPR, and PR, respectively, and 0 patients in the T group, 1 in the TPR group, and 0 in the PR group had undetectable HCV RNA. Five of 8 patients who received telaprevir monotherapy had viral breakthrough within 15 days of treatment. Adverse event incidence was similar across treatments and comparable with the incidences from previous clinical trials. One patient (in T group) had a serious adverse event (considered unrelated to telaprevir) that led to treatment discontinuation.

Conclusions. Telaprevir with Peg-IFN/RBV had greater activity than Peg-IFN/RBV treatment or telaprevir monotherapy against HCV genotype 4. Telaprevir was generally safe and well tolerated. Further investigation of telaprevir combination therapy in patients with HCV genotype 4 infection is warranted.

Clinical Trials Registration.NCT00580801.

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