January 20, 2014

Z Gastroenterol. 2014 Jan;52(1):27-34. Epub 2014 Jan 13.

Werner CR1, Egetemeyr DP1, Nadalin S2, Königsrainer A2, Malek NP1, Lauer UM1, Berg CP1.

Abstract

Recurrent HCV infection post-liver transplantation (post-LT) is still a major challenge in the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. In this retrospective analysis we gathered data about treatment response and safety of all 14 post-LT patients who were treated between 2011 and 2013 at our centre with a telaprevir (TVR)-based triple therapy. Seven out of 14 patients completed the full treatment course of 48 weeks. Five patients achieved a SVR 24, while 3 additional HCV RNA-negative patients are still in follow-up (end of treatment, SVR 12 and 22). Four patients discontinued treatment prematurely due to side effects. A virological non-response at TW 4 was seen in 1 patient. Virological breakthrough was observed in 2 patients at TW 16 and 28, respectively; 1 patient displayed a virological relapse after the end of treatment (EOT). Patients with a complicated course post-LT accumulated most of the severe side effects, largely infections. One patient with cholestatic hepatitis died 11 weeks after discontinuation of treatment due to progressive graft failure. In conclusion, TVR-based triple therapy in post-LT patients reveals an acceptable antiviral efficacy. Unfortunately, severe side effects are frequent and often require therapeutic interventions. Therefore, with the approval of less straining DAA like sofosbuvir in sight, TVR-based triple therapy in post-LT patients should be, if possible avoided.

© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

PMID: 24420796 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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